Cousin frequency shipment away from (a) SBP change, (Gaussian complement Roentgen 2 for sodium delicate = 0.74 and you can sodium unwilling = 0.97) and you may (b) urinary Na + /K + , (Gaussian fit R dos for sodium sensitive = 0.99 and you can sodium unwilling some one = 0.99) throughout the group of sodium delicate (n = 71) and you will sodium unwilling (n = 119) those with alter out-of dietary input off Weightloss Methods to Prevent Blood pressure (DASH) large sodium (HS) eating plan to help you Dashboard lower sodium (LS) diet plan.
Certainly one of investigation participants analyzed, 53% of SR and you can 62% of your own SS professionals were people, 51% from SR and you may 63% off SS people was indeed African-Western (Desk step 1). Many participants was indeed old 30–55 decades, college-experienced, and you can functioning regular. There have been no tall variations in standard attributes having research members across ethnicity or gender either in the latest SS or SR groups (Dining table 1).
Baseline SBP, assessed during the screening visit prior to dietary intervention was significantly higher in SS (137.6 ± 8.7 mmHg) vs. SR participants (132.5 ± 9.6 mmHg; p < 0.05, Table 2). In contrast there was no significant difference in 24 h urinary Na + excretion, 24 h urinary K + excretion and the urinary Na + :K + ratio between SS and SR participants at screening (Table 2). Further, there was no significant effect of sex or ethnicity on these variables, as such subsequent analyses were not adjusted for age or ethnicity. In SS, but not SR participants, each additional g/day in urinary Na + excretion across the range of <2 g/day to 5 g/day resulted in a higher SBP value of approximately 1.0 ± 0.4 mmHg in SBP/g Na + excretion (Fig. 2a). The measures >5 g/day Na+ were not included due to increased sample variability. When assessed by linear regression across the entire range of observed Na + excretion we observed no correlation between urinary Na + excretion and SBP in either SS (R 2 = 0.02) or SR (R 2 = 0.02) participants Travel dating site (Fig. 2b). In both SS and SR participants urinary K + excretion of <1 g/day elevated SBP by 3.9 and 4.8 mmHg respectively vs. SBP values obtained for urinary excretion of 1–1.99gK + /day (Fig. 3a) and the Cohen’s D score for the difference in the SBP among the participants with less than 1 g/day versus 1-1.9 g/day of urinary K + excretion showed a medium effect size in both SS (0.45) and the SR (0.49) group. However, when assessed across the entire range of observed K + excretion we observed no correlation between K + excretion and SBP in either SS (R 2 = 0.001) or SR (R 2 = 0.008) participants (Fig. 3b). Further, we observed no association between the urinary Na + :K + ratio and SBP and no impact of urinary K + excretion across any dietary Na + excretion range on SBP in either SS (R 2 = 0.004) or SR (R 2 = 0.002) participants (Fig. 4a, b).
Perception of Dash eating plan towards the connection out-of urinary sodium in order to potassium removal proportion that have SBP
Within the sub group of SS participants randomly assigned to DASH-Sodium dietary intervention arm (N = 71) there was a significant (p < 0.05) reduction in SBP on the DASH-LS diet compared to the baseline screening SBP value (Table 3). In the sub group of SR participants randomly assigned to the DASH-Sodium intervention (N = 119) there were significant (p < 0.05) reductions in SBP on both the DASH-HS and DASH-LS diets compared to the baseline screening SBP value (Table 3). On the DASH-Sodium diet, following both the LS and HS interventions compared to screening there was a significant (p < 0.05) increase in urinary K + excretion and reduction in the urinary Na + :K + ratio (that was greater during the LS intervention), in both SS and SR participants (Table 3).